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Hispano Bastion: New Mexican Power in the Age of Manifest Destiny, 1837-1860

April 5, 2023

Michael J. Alarid, Ph.D

Assistant Professor, University of Nevada, Las Vegas


Donations Welcome


In this groundbreaking study, historian Michael J. Alarid examines New Mexico’s transition from Spanish to Mexican to US control during the nineteenth century and illuminates how emerging class differences played a crucial role in the regime change. After Mexico won independence from Spain in 1821, trade between Mexico and the United States attracted wealthy Hispanos into a new market economy and increased trade along El Camino Real, turning it into a burgeoning exchange route. As landowning Hispanos benefited from the Santa Fe trade, traditional relationships between wealthy and poor Nuevomexicanos–whom Alarid calls patrónes and vecinos–started to shift. Far from being displaced by US colonialism, wealthy Nuevomexicanos often worked in concert with new American officials after US troops marched into New Mexico in 1846, and in the process, Alarid argues, the patrónes abandoned their customary obligations to vecinos, who were now evolving into a working class. Ultimately wealthy Nuevomexicanos, the book argues, succeeded in preserving New Mexico as a Hispano bastion, but they did so at the expense of poor vecinos.

Michael J. Alarid is a scholar of the Latino experience in the Southwest. He is an assistant professor of history at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas.


Here is the link for the presentation:


Dr. Alarid’s book, Hispano Bastion: New Mexican Power in the Age of Manifest Destiny, 1837-1860, is available for purchase through the University of New Mexico Press webpage:


April 5, 2023
Event Category:


Friends of History
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In-person walking tour
113 Lincoln Avenue
Santa Fe, NM 87501 United States
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